The Monash University found research strongly suggests that a group of carbohydrates called FODMAPs contributes to IBS symptoms, and the low FODMAP diet can be used to control gastrointestinal symptoms associated with IBS. You are probably wondering by this point what FODMAP stands for, I know I was when the doctor explained it to me.
F = Fermentable
process through which gut bacteria degrade undigested carbohydrate to produce gasses (hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide)
O = Oligosaccharides
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) (found in onions, garlic, wheat rye) and Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) found in legumes/pulses
D = Disaccharides
Lactose found in milk, soft cheese, yoghurts
M = Monosaccharides
Fructose (in excess of glucose) found in honey, apples, high fructose corn syrups
A = And
P = Polyols
Sugar polyols found in some fruit and vegetables and used as artificial sweeteners
Examples of what foods are classed as low and high FODMAP can be found by clicking here and more information about the low FODMAP diet from the Monash University can be found by clicking here. There are other sites out there with information but this was the main one I was directed to originally by my GP.
How has this affected me? Well I have been following a low FODMAP diet on the advice of my GP for a while now and have found that it has helped many of my symptoms, along with having an effect on my pain levels in general (I am not sure if this is due to what I can best describe as cleaner eating – i.e. less processed food – or whether this is due to not suffering with my stomach as much causing a reduction in the radiating pain from my stomach) – all I know is that it has helped me! I would suggest that you seek medical advise from your GP or doctor before embarking on this diet, however there is no harm in doing a bit of research and taking that along to your GP/Doctor for discussion.
In the meantime enjoy chocolate cake!